Turkish Neurosurgery 2018 , Vol 28 , Num 2
Does Shunt Selection Affect the Rate of Early Shunt Complications in Neonatal Myelomeningocele-Associated Hydrocephalus? A Multi-Center Study
1Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey
2Kocaeli University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Kocaeli, Turkey
3Karabuk University, Educational and Research Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Karabuk, Turkey
4Selcuk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Konya, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.18547-16.1 AIM: To evaluate the effect of shunt selection on the rate of shunt revision due to early shunt complications in neonatal myelomeningocele-associated hydrocephalus.

MATERIAL and METHODS: The data of 157 neonatal myelomeningocele cases in three pediatric neurosurgery centers (Ankara University, Kocaeli University, Selcuk University) who underwent shunt surgery at the time of myelomeningocele repair between 2000 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical features of the patients, shunt types, and early shunt complications within the first three months were recorded. The patients were classified according to several features of the shunt systems, such as the valve type, valve size/contour and catheter type.

RESULTS: Of all patients, 71 (45.2%) underwent early shunt revision surgery due to various complications. Mechanical complications were the most frequent cause of shunt failure, followed by infection. There was no significant difference among the valve types. Also, no significant difference was observed among the catheter types. Only valve contour/size (contoured regular/ultra-small/burr-hole/ cylindrical/neonatal) seemed to significantly affect the rate of early complications. The patients with neonatal-design valves or ultrasmall valves had significantly less complications, such as poor wound-healing, wound-dehiscence, cerebrospinal fluid leak or shunt exposure. The infection rate secondary to these complications was found to be lower.

CONCLUSION: Myelomeningocele patients with prominent hydrocephalus frequently have a friable skin, due to reduced macrocrania-related subcutaneous tissues. Small-sized (neonatal-design or ultra-small) valves may significantly reduce the early shunt complication rate among this population. Keywords : Hydrocephalus, Shunt infection, Shunt malfunction, Myelomeningocele, Neonate

Corresponding author : Gokmen KAHILOGULLARI, gokmenkahil@hotmail.com